could the medical profession be doing better when it comes to educating patients about nutrition?

DOCTORS AND NUTRITION
COULD DOCTORS BE GETTING BETTER RESULTS BY DISCUSSING NUTRITION?

“Researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill asked nutrition educators from over 100 medical schools to describe the nutrition instruction offered to their students. While the researchers learned that almost all schools require exposure to nutrition, only about quarter offered the recommended 25 hours of instruction, a decrease from six years earlier, when almost 40 percent of all schools met the minimum recommendations. In addition, four schools offered nutrition optionally, and one school offered nothing at all. And while the majority of medical schools tended to intersperse lectures on nutrition in standard, required year-long or semester courses, like biochemistry or physiology, only a quarter of the schools managed to have a single course dedicated to the topic.”  Dr Pauline Chen from her weekly column (September 12-18, 2010) in the New York Times called Doctor & Patient.

Does your doctor ever talk to you about nutrition or exercise? No? You’re not alone. Polling shows that fewer than one-eighth of visits to physicians include any nutrition counseling and fewer than 25 percent of physicians believe they have sufficient training to talk to patients about diet or physical activity. And the number of hours devoted to teaching future physicans about nutrition in medical school has actually declined recently, from 22.3  in 2004 to 19.6 in 2009. (The National Academy of Sciences says it should be 25 to 30 hours.)”  Lennie Bernstein writing for the June 23, 2014 issue of the Washington Post (Your Doctor Says he Doesn’t Know Enough About Nutrition or Exercise)

This post is the result of a statement I made at the end of my LAST POST that may or may not be true about the medical treatment of ADHD with nutrition.  “Honestly, if you follow this step, you will solve 90% of these cases.”   Was this statistic (I can’t call it a statistic because I pulled it out of my hat) true or accurate?  In a back-and-forth with a reader on FACEBOOK, it was suggested to me that it was not.  Today we are going to take a look at the assertion made in my response — that the average practicing physician is so locked in to the idea of “better living through chemistry,” that we can never really know if that number is 90% or 9% because of the VERY NATURE OF THE WAY THAT MEDICINE IS PRACTICED here in the US —- which does not even begin to touch on the way that MEDICAL RESEARCH is being done.

A year and a half ago I wrote a post called, “NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTS: ARE THEY EFFECTIVE?”   For the most part they are not, and let me briefly explain why.  I would contend that many people (maybe even the majority of the people) who take supplements are going about their supplementation the wrong way.  People typically go to their (insert one of these here — doctor, chiro, best friend, health food store proprietor, computer, other) and ask the question, “What do you have that can cure my……….?”    Allow me to interpret what they are really saying in most cases. 

You see, most people want to use supplements in the same way they use drugs (HERE).  If you have symptom X, take drug Y.   It is my opinion that supplements, at least for most people, are the easy way out.  Just like it’s much easier to drop a few bucks in the plate on Sunday than it is to follow Christ’s commandment to LOVE OUR NEIGHBOR AS OURSELVES; it’s easier to take a supplement (or supplements plural) without doing anything meaningful about our collectively crappy diets and lifestyles.   I get it; real change is tough.   MONOTHERAPIES are easy, whichever form (drugs or supplements) they come in.  It’s not that I think supplements (or drugs for that matter) are a bad thing, but without concurrent dietary and lifestyle changes, they are not typically of great value.

In order to do research that is considered “valid,” you cannot change too many variables in your experiments.  In fact, you shouldn’t change more than one.  What does this kind of research lead to?  Very often we end up with studies that show how a specific nutrient (zinc, iron, Vitamin C, VITAMIN B, etc) has no effect on a disease process.  When it comes to studying nutrition, contradictions in results from one study to the next are the rule as opposed to the exception, with studies on ADHD and nutrition being no different.  I did, however, find some things that most researchers could agree on (thereare many more studies on this topic than I have time to deal with today)

The October, 2011 issue of Current Psychiatry Reports (Dietary and Nutritional Treatments for AttentionDeficit / Hyperactivity Disorder: Current Research Support and Recommendations for Practitioners) said, “Two nutritional treatments appear worth general consideration: Recommended Daily Allowance/Reference Daily Intake multivitamin/mineral supplements as a pediatric health intervention not specific to ADHD and essential fatty acids, especially a mix of eicosapentaenoic acid, docosahexaenoic acid [PGFO], and γ-linolenic acid as an ADHD-specific intervention.”  Some of this was echoed by this January’s issue of the Nordic Journal of Psychiatry (Diet in the Treatment of ADHD in Children – A Systematic Review of the Literature) when they stated, “Elimination diets and fish oil supplementation seem to be the most promising dietary interventions for a reduction in ADHD symptoms in children.”  As you may already know, I am a huge fan of both PGFO and a good ELIMINATION DIET.

There were any number of studies linking ADHD to to a wide array of “EPIGENETIC FACTORS” such as sugar consumption, lack of breast feeding, and even tobacco and alcohol use. Although the research on diet was all over the place, there was a common theme I noticed when looking at studies pertaining to the cause of ADHD (officially, no one knows what causes it —- “etiology unknown“).  That common thread was that ADHD was linked to chemical exposure of the expecting mother.  As a side note, there was also a trend in many of the studies to lump ADHD in with ASD (AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS).  All of this leads me to theorize…..

It’s no theory that chemicals are bad for you — every doctor or researcher worth his salt realizes that there is a preponderance of evidence to this effect.  However, I would argue that besides being ENDOCRINE DISRUPTORS, many of the chemicals we are exposed to each and every day are causing problems such as ASD and ADHD by fouling the MICROBIOME.  It’s not a stretch when you understand how substances like Aspartame create obesity and INSULIN RESISTANCE by fouling the Microbiome (HERE).  But there is more to this issue of chemicals.  Without even getting into the issue of MERCURY, look at what Vaccines do to Gut health (HERE).  I took the following from an article I wrote ten years ago for the West Plains Quill (HERE).

Dr. O’Leary (Ph.D / M.D.) is a professor of Molecular Medicine at the Institute of Molecular Medicine (Dublin Molecular Medicine Center) at Trinity College in Dublin, Ireland.  He heads a large multi-discipline group researching the molecular effects of Cancer on numerous body systems.  During his testimony before the United States Congress, he showed that 96% of Autistic children had measles virus in their Gut.  Non-Autistic children had measles in their collective Guts less than 7% of the time.

I even found a recent study linking ADHD to a drug that is believed by most doctors to be so safe that it is commonly recommended for pregnant women — ACETAMINOPHEN.  Although not technically so, I tend to throw Acetomenophen (Tylenol / Paracetamol) in with the BIG FIVE.   Remember Tylenol’s old slogan; ‘Tylenol; nothing safer‘?  It might not be as true as you once believed.

  • The conclusions of a September, 2014 study in the medical journal PLoS One (Associations Between Acetaminophen Use During Pregnancy and ADHD Symptoms Measured at Ages 7 and 11 Years) stated concluded that, “Acetaminophen was used by 49.8% of the study mothers during pregnancy. We found significantly higher total difficulty scores. Children of mothers who used acetaminophen during pregnancy were also at increased risk of ADHD at 7 and 11 years of age.  These findings strengthen the contention that acetaminophen exposure in pregnancy increases the risk of ADHD-like behaviours. Our study also supports earlier claims that findings are specific to acetaminophen.

  • A few months prior to that, one of the many journals of the American Medical Association (JAMA Pediatrics) published a study called Acetaminophen Use During Pregnancy, Behavioral Problems, and Hyperkinetic Disorders.  This Danish study stated that, “More than half of all mothers reported acetaminophen use while pregnant. Children whose mothers used acetaminophen during pregnancy were at higher risk for receiving a hospital diagnosis of HKD [in the US we would probably call this ADD] or having ADHD-like behaviors at age 7 years. Stronger associations were observed with use in more than 1 trimester during pregnancy, and exposure response trends were found with increasing frequency of acetaminophen use during gestation for all outcomes. Results did not appear to be confounded by maternal inflammation, infection during pregnancy, the mother’s mental health problems, or other potential confounders we evaluated.   Maternal acetaminophen use during pregnancy is associated with a higher risk for HKDs and ADHD-like behaviors in children.

  • Another study published in 2014; this one from the July issue of the Canadian Family Physician (Acetaminophen in Pregnancy and Future Risk of ADHD in Offspring) revealed that, “There are few options for analgesia that are safe in all 3 trimesters. While acetaminophen has long been considered a safe treatment for headache, fever, and myalgia in pregnancy, the results from these two studies might cause us to reconsider the timing and amount of acetaminophen that we recommend.”  And even though the previous study specifically said they accounted for potential confounders, the authors of this study were loathe to admit to too much of a link due to, you guessed it, “confounding risks“.

  • Despite telling us that, “no firm conclusion can be made on the relevance of these observations to humans” the August, 2015 issue of Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology (Use of Paracetamol During Pregnancy and Child Neurological Development) said in their abstract that even though, “Paracetamol (acetaminophen) remains the first line for the treatment of pain and fever in pregnancy, recently published epidemiological studies suggested a possible association between paracetamol exposure in utero and attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder/hyperkinetic disorder (ADHD/HKD) or adverse development issues in children.   In parallel, recent animal data showed that cognition and behaviour may be altered following exposure to therapeutic doses of paracetamol during early development. These effects may be mediated by interference of paracetamol with brain-derived neurotrophic factor, neurotransmitter systems (including serotonergic, dopaminergic, adrenergic, as well as the endogenous endocannabinoid systems), or cyclooxygenase-2.  In the context of current knowledge, paracetamol is still to be considered safe in pregnancy and should remain the first-line treatment for pain and fever.” The problem is that few people (doctors included) truly grasp the benefits of fever or have any idea what current guidelines are for treating it (HERE). 

Something else that leads me to believe that many cases of ADHD are starting in the Gut has to do with the number of studies showing a link between Acetaminophen and ASTHMA.  If you simply follow the link, you’ll see that Gut-destroying ANTIBIOTICS are heavily associated with Asthma as well.   What does any of this prove?  According to the so called ‘experts’ nothing.  However, taken together it leads me to warn pregnant women (or those TRYING TO BECOME PREGNANT) to get serious about what they are exposing themselves to as far as chemicals are concerned — and that goes for drugs.  To learn more about this particular topic, simply cruise over to PubMed and do a search on something like ‘ADHD Microbiome’ and see what comes up.

COULD DOCTORS DO MORE AS FAR AS EDUCATING THEIR PATIENTS
ABOUT THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN NUTRITION AND HEALTH?
DARN STRAIGHT!

All the research in the world does nothing if it is not valid, or if it is not being followed — something I discussed at length in my recent post on the Flu Vaccine (HERE).  But the real issue is far bigger than this.  What about the fact that doctors who have received virtually zero training in nutrition (HERE), continue to promote the ongoing WAR AGAINST RED MEAT, DIETARY FAT, SALT, EGGS, and CHOLESTEROL; all while telling us to eat more whole grains (HERE and HERE), EMBRACE VEGANISM, and TAKE MORE CALCIUM (something that people with ADHD need to be particularly aware of; HERE).   In other words, few doctors have any idea about real (clinical) nutrition.

Although you might think that I am being mean, harsh, or overly critical; facts are facts.  The average doctor knows next to nothing about the relationship between diet and disease — or if they do, they certainly aren’t doing anything about it as far as helping their patients is concerned.  Almost eight years ago, Dr. Eileen Kennedy wrote in her From the Dean column for a newsletter put out by Tufts University (Nutrition Matters) that, “ironically, the same issues related to the importance of nutrition in medical practice discussed in our cover story were being highlighted decades ago, when I was in clinical practice as a registered dietitian. Now, however, it appears that nutrition may genuinely be seen as more integral to health care, both here and around the world.”  But in light of recent facts, how much weight do her words really carry almost a decade after she wrote them?  Let’s see

  • The March 26, 2012 issue of ISHN carried the headline, Doctors Need to Talk to Patients About Nutrition, Says AMA Head.  In the article, Dr. Peter Carmel, AMA president was quoted as saying, “Americans are eating too little of the right things and too much of the wrong things — and it’s time for their doctors to do something about it.  [He] urges his colleagues to begin regular conversations with their patients about healthy eating, and notes that chronic diseases claim 1.7 million lives a year and cost hundreds of billions of dollars.”  Although Carmel is probably on the low side in his estimates (HERE), you wouldn’t have any idea of this from talking to the average doctor.

  • The September, 2014 issue of the American Journal of Medicine published a paper called A Deficiency of Nutrition Education in Medical Training.  In this piece, the authors stated that, “A 2013 report on the state of US health identified dietary factors as the single most significant risk factor for disability and premature death. Despite the wealth of knowledge linking food and health, nutrition receives little attention in medical practice. The reason stems, in large part, from the severe deficiency of nutrition education at all levels of medical training to be described in this commentary.  How has this knowledge affected medical education? A recent survey of medical schools revealed an average of fewer than 20 hours over 4 years devoted to nutrition education—most of which occurs in the early years when basic science courses are taught, typically with little apparent connection to human diets or common diseases.   Nutrition education is in even shorter supply after medical school graduation.  In the 34-page accreditation document for cardiology trainees, there is no mention of a requirement for nutrition education. And in a 35-page Accreditation Committee of Graduate Medical Education document for Internal Medicine residency training, from which many doctors go on to serve as primary care physicians, the word “nutrition” is absent.

  • Julie Deardorff, writing for the March 26, 2013 issue of the Chicago Tribune (Prescription for Nutrition) revealed that, A 1985 landmark report on nutrition in medical schools by the National Academy of Sciences found that on average, future physicians received 21 hours of nutrition instruction over four years. Medical students need at least 25 hours to be adequately prepared to help patients, the report concluded.  The number of hours devoted to nutrition education in medical schools is decreasing, leaving doctors unequipped to deal with common patient concerns about diet, studies have found.  Even as rates of obesity and Type II diabetes soar, researchers report that doctors are spending less time than ever talking to patients about nutrition because they lack time, training and optimism that patients can make lifestyle changes. Insurance is also more likely to cover procedures than behavioral counseling.   “There’s tremendous ignorance about nutrition among physicians,” added Dr. William Davis, a preventive cardiologist in Milwaukee. “It has never been part of the culture.  On average, doctors receive 19 hours of total nutrition education in medical school; in 2004 the average was 22.3 hours, according to the study, conducted as part of the Nutrition in Medicine project at UNC. In 2009, 27 percent of the schools met the minimum standard of nutrition training, compared with 38 percent in 2004.

Don’t think for one second that given a few hours, I could not have found a hundred more quotes just like these.  Rest assured folks, there is one reason and one reason only that more is not being done by the average physician concerning nutrition —- money.    Few doctors are self-employed any more.  They are essentially told by their employers (around here it’s either Cox or Mercy) how they are going to deal with and treat their patients.  And this doesn’t even begin to take into account the MOUNTAIN OF PAPERWORK they are being buried under. 

Plainly stated, the average doctor is exhausted, burned out, and rushed (HERE).  And while few would admit it, it’s not tough to see from today’s post that they have become the pawns (witting or unwitting) of BIG PHARMA and the so-called EVIDENCE-BASED MEDICINE.   My suggestion to you if you are one of the millions of Americans debilitated by Chronic Inflammatory Degenerative Diseases (HERE)…..    Realize that neither your doctor nor the medicine they prescribe is going to save you.   It’s time to start shouldering the burden and figuring out your own EXIT STRATEGY.

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